Despite the household use of the pottery, it has a significant meaning to the cultural and ritual affairs. From the birth ceremony to the death of people, clay pots are needed. On the forth day of the birth of a child, "Makal" a hearth, "Pala" or "Palcha", a small bowl shape clay pot to light the oil lamp made with cotton thread is used. On the death of a person, "Bhajan" also known as "Handi" in Nepali, "Bhega", pot for curd, "Kalash" and "Ampacha", pots for holly water are used. Every ritual needs different pottery for different purposes. With out these clay pots, the Newar culture is not complete. Interestingly, for many ritual and religious purposes, the clay pots are painted by the "Chitrakars" the painters of Newar society and worshiped in rituals, without which no ritual is complete.
The most common traditional clay products are "Tepa", large container for water or food storage, "Atha", cloth washing tub, "Gha", big jar for water, "Gamala", flower planting pot, "Bhega", curd making bowl, "Kalash", pots of different shapes and sizes for ritual and religious purposes. "Koncha", container, "Aga", a large thick body water storage tank with large open mouth, "Palcha", "Salin" small thin bowl for wine drinking etc.
Ceramic and glazing are not the part of traditional clay art of Nepal. It was not been in use til the Ceramic Promotion Project started in Bhaktapur. Though they use natural color coat to give smooth red finish in their products. Most of the clay craft is in terracotta in red color.
The Prajapaties, traditionally collect the clay in the first half June and stored in their courtyard or in the ground floor of their homes. The clay is mixed with rice husk, sand and other and make big heaps. They form pottery on the wooden wheel made of wooden disc, which is rotated upon a wooden shaft fixed in the ground. But, for large pots like "Tepa", "Aga", they just make half, and they make it by beating with a wooden hammer. After dried in shade, they coat red color and they make a pile and with straw, ash and wooden dust and other material, they fire the pots, usually in open place near by their homes.